The third generation of autonomous cars Google took the road. After the first prototypes of Prius in 2009, a fleet of Lexus, Google launched 25 of its “Koala car” in the assault on the roads of California. The first traveled 2 million miles without cause of accident, or be involved in a fatal accident. However, in 6 years, the Google cars have been involved in 12 accidents. A day where the other autonomous car will have to choose: protect his driver at any price, including whether to sacrifice a pedestrian?
The autonomous car must protect at any costs the lives of its passengers?
Does teach some moral rules to an artificial intelligence? An autonomous car launched at full speed when suddenly a school bus as crosses it the road.The car must avoid the car at all costs by taking the risk of killing his passenger? This scenario, referred to by Automotive News, is a problem to which manufacturers must provide a consensual solution with multiple trial accident risk.
The new car Google, devoid of steering wheel and pedals, therefore leaves automatism the only master on board, even in an emergency.
When he wrote his three laws of robotics, in 1949, Asimov imagine that it should apply to humanoid robots that inhabit his novels. Maybe that finally these are automobiles and can also be aircraft that should implement them in priority.
The three laws of robotics :
1. A robot cannot affect a human being, or by remaining passive, allow a human being to be exposed to the hazard.
2. A robot must obey orders given by human beings, except where such orders are in conflict with the first law.
3. A robot must protect its existence as long as such protection does not come into conflict with the first or second law.
Researchers are thinking about the issue and are working with the manufacturers to integrate this type of behaviour to their future autonomous cars. After crash tests, the cars of the future will be also rated on their sense of ethics?
Translation : Bing Translator
“Should driverless cars make life-or-death decisions?”, Automotive News, June 25, 2015
“Google is now reporting all its driverless car crashes. Will other carmakers follow?”, The Washington Post, June 6, 2015
“Why Ethics Matters for Autonomous Cars”, Patrick Lin, Springer 2015
“Trois lois de la robotique”, Wikimedia