How not to think the laws of robotics, written in 1942 by Isaac Asimov? British researchers from the universities of Sheffield, Liverpool and Bristol come to launch new research projects. Their objective is to give the robots of the future of ethics.
Funded to the tune of 1.4 million from £ by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, it is a project everything that there is serious. At a time where robots are increasingly present in the energy, transportation, they are going to drive our cars, researchers want to develop methods of controls to ensure that the robots that will be developed by the researchers, industrialists, is absolutely safe, but also have an ethical relation to human behavior.
At what laws will obey the robots of the future?An automatic car which, in case of imminent accident chooses to throw against a Mini rather than hit a big SUV Volvo to better protect its occupants, it is referred to in a recent article in Wired. Replace the Mini by a group of pedestrians on the sidewalk and the question of the ethics of this algorithm of laying. Have the right to prefer sacrificing these pedestrians or the driver of a Mini to avoid its own occupant was injured in the accident? “” A decision which undermines the first of the three laws of robotics to Asimov that says that ‘ ‘ a robot cannot harm a human being, nor in remaining passive, allow a human being to be exposed to the hazard. Less dramatic, we know that the autonomous cars Google can, in some cases, breaking the highway code. Are they the right, even in the event of danger?
These are some of the questions the researchers will work very seriously during the next few years. It is the ethical component of English research program which is also interested in the reliability of these algorithms. Professor Sandor Veres from the University of Sheffield will particularly focus on the validate the reliability of the embedded code of the robots through formal methods, mathematical proofs that prove that software is not bug. These are techniques today applied to the code embedded in the field of Aeronautics and aerospace, but who might well be applied in many other embedded applications. The British research program to be completed in 2018, it means roughly at the time when the first autonomous cars will be in the offices of manufacturers. Perhaps they will be the first to apply the laws of Robotics Professor Veres.
Translation : Bing Translator
Sources : “New research will help robots know their limits”, University of Sheffield press release, December 8, 2014
“Google’s driverless cars ‘will be allowed to speed'”, The Telegraph, August 19, 2014
“The Robot Car of Tomorrow May Just Be Programmed to Hit You”, Wired, May 6, 2014