Already unattractive originally, the Alenia Aermacchi ucav Sky-Y implemented under research MIDCAS program now is downright awful.
Researchers have covered this poor device of multiple sensors so that it can fly in civilian air traffic safely, it means showing capable of performing an emergency avoidance manoeuvre. Led by the EDA (European Defence Agency), research MIDCAS for Mid Air Collision Avoidance System program coming to an end and the results are there.
A drone capable of evaluating its position relative to surrounding airplanes
A drone that follows his flight plan, suddenly a small plane flying club is looming on the horizon. The pilot had not seen the drone and, unfortunately, devices are approaching inexorably, the disaster seems inevitable. For the drone operator, all goes well, the aircraft’s flight parameters are correct. Suddenly the drone spotted the aircraft approaching him and performs an avoidance manoeuvre. A simple childlike turn for any student pilot, a technical challenge for a drone.
It is at the Paris Air Show 2009 show that representing 5 European countries signed the Act of birth of the MIDCAS project, conducted under the auspices of the European Defence Agency. A 4-year project with a budget of EUR 50 million in which speakers not less than 11 European industrialists. Swedish Saab leads the project, in partnership with Sagem and Thales side french Airbus D & S Diehl BGT Defence, DLR and ESG side German, Alenia Aermacchi, Selex, CIRA for the Italy and finally Indra for the Spain.
First test flight campaigns were conducted in 2010 and 2011 on a piloted aircraft, a CASA C 212 flight test centre. It, large enough to accommodate a test bench. In the nose of the aircraft have been placed on the market and camera infrared sensors, algorithms were able to be validated prior to installing the equipment in a real drone, a Sky – Y. From December 2014, this drone began its test from the Italian base of Grazzanise flights.
Besides the camera, infrared sensors and radar, “cooperative” equipment, the drone was equipped with a FFI and ADS – B, “cooperative” equipment, that is to say capable of exchanging data with the surrounding planes, so much more data to process for the drone who can thus have a better vision of his environment (awareness), then the items to calculate the best path of avoidance.
While the project comes to an end, Peter Round, Director ‘Capability, Armament & Technology’ of the EDA considers that the project has produced tangible results, ” leverage critical to the development of UAVs in the European skies. . »
Translation : Bing Translator
Source : “MIDCAS demonstrates progress for RPAS integration into civil airspace”, EDA press release, April 30, 2015