5 million jobs destroyed on the 2015-2020 period, that is the figure clash of the study “The Future of Jobs / Employment, Skills and Workforce Strategy for the Fourth Industrial Revolution” that has just released the World Economic Forum. The 4th Industrial Revolution is the central theme of the 2016 of the Davos Summit. It looks rough for many categories of employees but is not in the industry itself that the impact will be greatest.
The 4th revolution: the nightmare of the office worker
The account is is not. Economists who argue that the next industrial revolution, that of the digital, robotics, artificial intelligence will generate more jobs in new sectors that will destroy in traditional businesses will be able to respond to the report of the World Economic Forum. This “diruption” or uberisation of our economies will destroy jobs. While new technologies will create jobs, lots of jobs, it is true, but those who will be replaced by algorithms, mobile applications or robots will be many more. Over the period terribly short 2015-2020, 2 million jobs will be created as opposed to 7.1 million jobs destroyed a negative balance of 5.1 million jobs worldwide. Surprise, what the study shows, is that it is not the workers who pay the highest price of this rapid transformation of our economy. The 7.1 million threatened jobs, 4.7 million are administrative positions and office jobs. In plants, it is 1.6 million jobs that will disappear and approximately 500,000 in the construction industry and mining (mining and energy)
The mobile, Cloud and the Big Data, main engines of change
If robots are often pointed out as the gravediggers of jobs, only 9% of managers; interviewed class Robotics as the factor number 1 of transformation of their activity. The impact of the mobile is considered much more important. It is cited by 34% of managers compared with 26% who rely on Big Data and 22% new energies. Visibly still unknown, the potential of the Internet of things is mentioned by only 14% of respondents. About artificial Intelligence, discipline which is probably the most fantasies, is cited by only 7% of managers.
The place of the France threatened by this new industrial revolution
In this transformation, companies will take the ascendancy over the other, countries will take better advantage of these new technologies and this upheaval of the the labour market than others.
This game, the France might suffer more than its neighbours. Jobs will be created in the computer sector, in the offices of architect or engineering, however many sectors will be affected by this new wave of modernization. Shopping, clerical, administrative, workers, personnel management but also the finance and legal sectors will see their numbers melt. A diagnosis alarming especially if compared to that of the Germany. Jobs there will be destroyed among the administrative posts, finance and even in factories, but the balance will be positive commercial, transportation and logistics, and of course, computing. If the French economy demonstrated a certain dynamism of the side of his startups, most traditional businesses may well have trouble to cross this new industrial revolution without a case.
Translation : Bing Translator
Source : “The Future of Jobs / Employment, Skills and Workforce Strategy for the Fourth Industrial Revolution”, World Economic Forum report, January 2016